Coding and Metacognition

  • What is metacognition?

It is simply known as the process of “thinking about thinking”, by other means, it is how we monitor and control our thoughts. Metacognition is not only basic acquired knowledge, it is a life skill.

Metacognition is scientifically defined as the higher-order thinking that controls the cognitive processes involved in memory, learning, problem-solving, critical thinking, and decision-making, which are all covered in coding. Coding enhances the metacognitive skills where the individual is able to control decisions, recognize and correct mistakes, and solve problems.

  • How is coding related to the coder’s metacognition?

First, coding requires multiple ways to solve a single task, or multiple paths to try, using “trial and error”, to find the right solution. Metacognition is the skill that helps young coders think about different paths to decide on the appropriate solution.

Thus, decision-making is another factor that metacognition facilitates. Taking decisions is always required for the young coders after critically thinking about the solution. To have the ability to critically think about multiple solutions and decide on one of them, the young coders have to possess problem-solving skills. Exercising metacognition allows the young coders to solve problems, correct their mistakes when they try to find the right solution, and decide on the best solution.

  • Importance of Metacognition

Metacognition is a life skill that young coders will hold as they grow up. It helps them with their interpersonal relationships, career paths, work-life, and personal decisions. Metacognitive processes are also vital for learning and succeeding in school, university, and later on in life.